Abstract Art:

: art that does not attempt to represent external, recognizable reality but seeks to achieve its effect using shapes, forms, colors, and textures.


: among those in art careers; a person who creates and designs pictures for books, magazines, or other printed or electronic media. Specialties among illustrators include fashion illustrator and medical illustrator.


: an art movement characterized by the deliberate departure from tradition and the use of innovative forms of expression that distinguish many styles in the arts and the literature of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Modernism refers to this period’s interest in:

  • new types of paints and other materials
  • expressing feelings, ideas, fantasies, and dreams instead of the visual world we otherwise see
  • creating abstractions, rather than representing what is real
  • a rejection of natural color
  • a use of choppy, clearly visible brushstrokes
  • the acceptance of line, form, color, and process as valid subject matter by themselves
  • a requirement that the audience take a more active role as interpreter. Each viewer must observe carefully, and get information about the artist’s intentions and environment, before forming judgements about the work.


 : a subtle or slight degree of difference, as in meaning, feeling, or tone; a gradation.